A new school based in the densely populated suburb of Runda in Nairobi has become the benchmark for green buildings in east Africa. Situated remarkably close to the equator, this project demonstrates how, with the right partners, sustainability can become a certainty.
The new SABIS* International School achieved a 4-Star Green Star Africa-Kenya PEB v1 Design Rating in April 2020, and was presented as a case study at the World Green Building Week that took place in September 2020.
SABIS International School offers world class education to students from kindergarten to Grade 12 within a vibrant, multicultural community that is committed to academic excellence. Construction on the state-of-the-art campus, which gives students the space to learn, grow and discover their talents, started in June 2016 and was completed in June 2018.
A benchmark for east Africa
Facilities include an independent kindergarten area, upper and lower school buildings, cafeteria, gymnasium, pool, football pitch, tennis courts, mini car track and an auditorium. As the first Green Star certified school in Kenya, the aim was to positively impact the project’s design and construction costs, asset value, operating costs, workplace productivity and user health.
The school is conveniently located near the Northern Bypass in Kiambu County and has a gross floor area of almost 14600m². The project was developed by the SABIS Network, a global network of schools that dates back to 1886 and currently educates over 70 000 students in 20 countries on 5 continents. Concept design architects on the project were Archika, with Boogertman + Partners as executive architects. The green building AP (accredited professional) team comprised WEB Limited, a Kenyan based sustainable development consultancy and co-founding member of the Kenya Green Building Society, in collaboration with Solid Green Consulting.
“The growth and development of school infrastructure has a large impact on our natural environment and communities,” shared Austin Opiyo, SABIS International School’s Facilities Manager. “The design, construction and operation of the buildings in which we work are responsible for the consumption of many of our natural resources. We are glad that SABIS Runda is a leading example of a green school and a corporate leader in sustainability initiatives.”
Elizabeth Wangeci Chege of WEB Limited explains that the site was chosen to meet the growing demand for a new school in an area that has become densely urbanised in the last 10 years. She said that, being very close to the equator with no extremes in weather, conditions lent themselves to passive design. The soil is conducive to plant growth and biodiversity and there is an abundance of rain for harvesting.
The SABIS Network has developed schools in different regions in the Middle East and South America, so the concept design had to be contextualised, acclimatised and aligned with local expectations. For example, following the attack on the Garissa University College in April 2015, a top priority was security which necessitated a boundary wall and physical barriers between the buildings.
“Safety on site is also paramount,” comments Anthony Opil, project architect at Boogertman + Partners. “The site is on a steep slope so the buildings were staggered and connected with soft, landscaped ramps – working with the terrain to make the buildings easily accessible from one to the other and for the mobility impaired. Courtyards were designed for different age groups with specific play areas for the lower school and high school – an approach aligned with local customs and expectations.”
Resource efficiency was another key consideration. While there is a greater reliance on mechanical ventilation and heating in other countries, in Kenya, with its high energy costs and a consistent climate, a more appropriate response was developed.
The classroom blocks were oriented north/south with openings, particularly in the study areas, that do not face east or west. Heat gain from outside surfaces was limited by merging soft and hard landscaping during the site planning and by ensuring that paved spaces did not bounce heat back into the internal spaces. Air pollution was also mitigated by ensuring that the school bus parking areas, which are planted with young trees, were oriented to prevent exhaust fumes from entering the buildings.
Locally available materials and technologies were specified where possible, such as concrete hollow blocks and roof insulation to improve thermal massing. This was a departure from the typical local construction practice of using natural stone. Opil explained that the hollow blocks were more climatically appropriate, enabled costs to be reduced and were readily available, thus circumventing supply issues relating to stone.
Natural lighting and ventilation were modelled and optimised by increasing the height of the windows specified in the original design. Together with the selection and procurement of low-VOC finishes – such as paints, adhesives and sealants – to ensure that the children are not exposed to toxins, this ensured a significant improvement in the school’s indoor environmental quality. Elizabeth Chege explained that, although the AP team did not conduct embodied energy calculations for materials, this strategy was used to govern the specification of materials; and workshops were held with both the client and contractor to ensure that targets were met.
Solar water heaters were installed to reduce energy consumption and a modular solar PV system was designed for optional adoption. In the next phase of the development, panels will be provided for classrooms to cut back on consumption and reduce operational costs.
Electricity and water sub-metering was provided for each block with smart meters connected to the building management systems to monitor and manage consumption, and to offer a learning resource for the school children and their caretakers. The school was also the first in Kenya to install 100% LED lights in all spaces, thus gaining an additional Green Star Innovation point.
Targeting Net Zero Water
Boniface Chege, also of WEB Limited, says that the project is performing so well in terms of water consumption that the team will consider targeting a Net Zero Water certification, which if successful, will be the first in the region. “We had to consider how children behave and how they like to play with water,” he says. “We reduced consumption by specifying low-flush toilets and low-flow taps with sensors.
“Potable water consumption for landscape irrigation has been reduced by 100% by using a rainwater harvesting system and recycled black water system. This is supported by a borehole with variable speed drive (VSD) pumps and municipal water as a last resort. For the Green Star rating, we achieved 99,9% of the available water credits just by using context-appropriate systems like efficient fittings and a blackwater treatment plant – thus contributing to the long-term resilience of the school.”
Elizabeth Chege adds, “To treat the sewage emanating from the facility, a membrane bio reactor (MBR) – a process of membrane-based technology – was provided. In this process, the excess sludge does not require separate digestion and the quantity of sludge generated is minimal. This avoids the cumbersome sludge disposal exercise which needs more manual labour and land area. The treated water from the system is disposed of into an overhead tank to flush toilets by gravity. The supplier and installer of the system was also appointed to maintain the system during operations.
“A workshop is being planned with the school’s operational team to ensure a smooth transition from design to operation by sharing information; and consumption data is already being reviewed. The team will also implement an occupancy survey plan to ensure ongoing comfort and usability for users.”
Waste management first
Construction waste is currently a topic of discussion in Kenya and this project has become a case study for the National Construction Authority, for other contractors to adopt. The reason, says Elizabeth Chege, is that the tender and preliminary documentation was clear, so the contractor was informed at the outset of the required standards. The contractor therefore appointed a local waste consultant to ensure that the waste was recycled and reused, and 96% of the construction waste was tracked, weighed and diverted from landfill.
In terms of operational waste, spaces were provided on site for separation of waste and recycling bins were clearly labelled for use by the school children and staff. Paper and cardboard, plastic, metal and cans, glass bottles, and food waste are all separated during operations. The appointed waste collection company was awarded a contract on the basis that they collect the separated waste in trucks that maintain separation, and because they have an extensive sorting site that employs women and youth.
Green buildings matter
“Research has shown that certain green building factors positively influence learners’ performance at school,” notes Chilufya Lombe, director at Solid Green. “SABIS Runda is the first school in the SABIS Network to be completed and to undergo certification in Africa, with more planned in future. With this project we have shown that schools, where our children spend most of their time away from home, can be green too. We hope that other learning institutions in Africa will also adopt green building certification and become part of the call to climate action.”
“This certification sets an example for the rest of the region,” says Elizabeth Chege. “We were thrilled to be part of the process of opening up the Green Star Africa PEB tool for countries outside South Africa. The client was dedicated to achieving this aim and the professional team and main contractor were completely open-minded about the process, enabling us to efficiently meet the required credits.”
In both its realisation and certification process, SABIS International School – Runda has successfully set a new benchmark for schools and the green building sector in east Africa.
• OWNER – Africa Crest Education Holdings
• CONCEPT DESIGN ARCHITECTS – ARCHIKA Kamal Homsi Architects SAL
• EXECUTIVE ARCHITECTS – Boogertman + Partners
• SUSTAINABLE BUILDING CONSULTANTS – WEB Limited / Solid Green Consulting
• QUANTITY SURVEYORS – Cost Plan Quantity Surveyors
• STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS – Gath Consulting Engineers
• ELECTRICAL ENGINEER – Maiteri & Associates
• FIRE ENGINEER & MECHANICAL ENGINEER – Maiteri & Associates
• LANDSCAPE ARCHITECT – Greenersol Landscape Limited
• WET SERVICES – Maiteri & Associates
• MAIN CONTRACTOR – Seyani Brothers & Co. (K) LTD
• DEVELOPMENT & PROJECT MANAGER – Athena Properties Limited
For more information visit www.solidgreen.co.za
*SABIS is a Registered Trademark
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