Amsterdam-based practice, GG-loop, is using artificial intelligence to create multisensorial projects in an innovative approach to architecture. The founder, Giacomo Garziano, describes these as an organic extension of the user.

The architect and the algorithm

As one of the most visionary figures in the world of contemporary architecture, Giacomo Garziano channels his interest in music, science and nature for a design approach in which a building is conceived as a connected, smart and flexible space capable of meeting the needs of its inhabitants as part of a symbiotic relationship.

The algorithm is used to develop organic projects inspired by “biophilic” processes, governed by mathematical systems and musical proportions.

“GG-loop” defined

The word “loop” is a musical term for a repeating phrase and refers to the working method used where the design process is conceived as a “question”. The “loop” is created by formulating an answer and trying to refute it, if an appropriate solution is not found.

“GG-loop” is also derived from a formula used in quantum chromodynamics, a branch of quantum physics.

Freebooter apartments, Amsterdam.  Photo by Michael Sieber

Quantum physics and architecture

In the field of quantum physics, everything is connected as part of a complex system that embraces the whole creation. Using Garziano’s interest in this field, his architectural practice tries to break down the barriers between users, their spaces and the objects used.

Morphological changes to architecture

Garziano believes that this transition is already under way, with a more environmentally conscious approach to design and the use of more natural, bio-based materials that have a closer connection with the nature. GG-loop works extensively with wood and tries to use materials with a positive environmental impact, including ceramic materials, when the production chain uses sustainable processes.

Learning from nature

Biomimetics is the basis of GG-loop’s design approach, creating a “biophilic design” capable of establishing a much deeper organic bond between objects and humans, that is more radical and “subatomic” and more emotional than in the past.

A biophilic approach doesn’t just mean growing plants on balconies – it is a design principle based on a love for the nature and all living things, then integrating this into the built environment. Garziano feels that architecture and the city are ecosystems, as finely balanced organisms as the human body.

Applying biophilic design

An example of this kind of design can be seen in the Freebooter apartments in Amsterdam, based on key elements of the local area, where ships were once constantly present. Maritime elements were used and interpreted according to GG-loop’s vision.

Wood, the typical structure of sailing ships and traditional Dutch architecture are the elements that provided the inspiration for the construction technology, parametric timber facades and atmosphere of the interiors.

Scientific terminology in architecture

Mitosis refers to the biological process in which a single cell divides into two identical daughter cells, representing the modularity and long-term adaptation of the system. It is a metaphor for a flexible co-living organism in which each residential unit coexists in symbiosis with all the others and with its environment.

In generative architecture, specific codes are entered into software programmes, which employ an algorithm to generate different design solutions based on pre-set indices. In the specific case of the tool GG-loop developed, named Mitosis, the system input data are maximum height, design surface area, optimal interior irradiation and the dimensions of the site where the building will be constructed.

The software launches an iterative calculation which cross-references the data to produce a variety of solutions, of which the best is further re-elaborated and optimised through the subsequent design process.

The Illyrius project in Tirana

Illyrius is inspired by the history of the Albanian people, who trace their origins back to the region of Illyria, the Balkan peninsula on the Adriatic Sea, where Illyrius was the forefather and first ruler.

The project consists of four compact towers, tapered to ensure optimal lighting of the courtyard and the apartments in the towers. A modular, parametric system of spacious balconies and terraces extends the apartments outward and incorporates greenery into the building. The facade is composed of an organised system of continuous balustrades, optimising the construction and creating an organic, dynamic and aesthetically surprising result.

Futuristic architecture, local climate

GG-loop’s architectural approach starts from the experience of the individual within the project, using the latest design methods and the individual client’s needs. An architectural model was linked to the idea of viewing the architecture from above – versus using technologies such as virtual reality which allow for a truly immersive experience, showing the client how users will be able to move around inside the building.

Latest project

The Portal Universalis project is intended to connect architecture with the mind, body and spirit. Conceived in conjunction with Garziano’s foundation (Inspiral Foundation), the project stems from the connection between music and architecture, sound and space, by way of quantum physics.

The series of stone pavilions, whose design and internal experience are generated by a phenomenon of resonance, are currently the highest expression of Garziano’s research into the interaction between humans and their surroundings, exploring the natural physical phenomena that promotes psychophysical well-being and a higher state of awareness.

Garziano believes this is just the beginning of an epochal transition in the world of architecture. Biophilic approach backed by computational and generative technology, and the use of artificial intelligence, will lead to much more advanced and spectacular results, both now and in the near future.

Top tip: Garziano’s uses quantum physics in his architectural practice to break down the barriers between users, their spaces and the objects used.

Full acknowledgement and thanks go to for the information in this editorial.

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