Circles, as a fundamental geometric shape, possess a captivating and harmonious quality that has been seamlessly integrated into architecture and design across various eras and styles. From subtle accents to bold focal points, the use of circles in interior design often symbolises continuity, connection and a soothing visual rhythm. In this article, Walls & Roofs takes a look at projects that illustrate circular forms in interiors across the globe. 

 Historical influence 

The history of circles in interior design spans centuries and encompasses a variety of cultural, artistic and architectural influences. Since ancient times, the shape has held symbolic and aesthetic significance, which has translated into its usage within interior spaces. In addition, ancient civilisations recognised the geometric perfection and technical superiority of circular structures and made use of them in architectural elements such as columns, arches or domes. 

The Rose Window at Royal Basilica of Saint-Denis / Abobot Sugar. Image © Wikimedia user Diliff (licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0)

During the medieval and Renaissance periods, the circular motif continued to play a role in design, often as part of religious architecture. Circular rose windows in Gothic cathedrals not only served as decorative elements, but also allowed a delicate play of light to create a spiritual ambiance. 

 Art Nouveau 

 In the 19th and early 20th centuries, the Art Nouveau and Art Deco movements embraced curves and geometric shapes in interior design. Art Nouveau emphasised organic and flowing forms, while Art Deco embraced more streamlined and symmetrical circular motifs in furniture, lighting fixtures and decorative elements. 

011 Apartment / flipê arquitetura. © Gabriela Mestriner 

Contemporary style 

 Fast forward to present times, and the popular contemporary interior style continues to highlight a mixture of clean lines and curves to achieve its desired harmonious effect. Open floor plans and circular pathways can create a sense of flow and connectivity within contemporary spaces, adding visual interest and a soft contrast to straight lines and sharp angles commonly found in modern interiors. 

 Architectural elements 

 Whether in the form of accessories, patterns or architectural elements, circles bring a touch of elegance and spatial grace that elevates the ambiance of any interior setting, to say nothing of the prevalence of the form in wellness interiors and hospitality architecture. With advancements in technology and materials, designers nowadays have more flexibility than ever in incorporating circular shapes to create innovative and futuristic interior designs. 

Circles, with their endless and unbroken curves, offer a sense of unity, movement and balance that can transform spaces into inviting and aesthetically pleasing environments. 

 

Full acknowledgement and thanks go to https://www.archdaily.com/ for the information in this editorial. 

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