Conceptualising Emergency Hospital 19

by Ofentse Sefolo
Conceptualising Emergency Hospital 19

Emergency Hospital 19 is a project developed by Humanitas, a highly specialised teaching and research hospital, with the engineering and design support of Techint and architect Filippo Taidelli, for the management and containment of infectious diseases. A project in which architecture, medicine and engineering contribute to defining spaces for management and care: efficient, sustainable and with a human face.

Developed as a temporary emergency facility combining architecture, engineering and medicine, the project imparts sustainable and efficient care management without losing the human touch.

The construction of Emergency Hospital 19 in Milan, next to the current Emergency Room in just eleven weeks was made possible by the generous contribution of Intesa Sanpaolo to the Istituto Clinico Humanitas to the Humanitas Foundation for Research, responsible for the scientific development of the project.

Not just a concept
Emergency Hospital 19 is a pilot project and a new model for managing healthcare emergencies, with the aim of providing safety and quality in well-organised spaces. The facility will guarantee continuity of care and assistance to patients by separating patient pathways from other pathologies, which guarantees safety.

Modular construction
Responding to the need to be prepared to simultaneously manage key aspects of emergency and normal healthcare, Humanitas’s Emergency Hospital 19 concept is universally adaptable architecture. It is a modular structure that can be expanded, modified or integrated into existing spaces within three months.

Customisable spaces
Built in Bergamo and Castellanza in Northern Italy, Emergency Hospital 19 is the first of three dedicated emergency facilities currently under construction. Intensive therapy units and wards have large windows, allowing patients to enjoy a view of the landscape while benefitting from the ample natural light. The addition of Venetian blinds and silkscreens minimises the risk of glare or overheating.

Prioritising patients
With patients often spending more than ten days in a hospital during an emergency, small spaces seldom allow the presence of pieces of furniture other than a bed, which then also ends up becoming a couch, dining room or sofa. The finish of the inner enclosure of this habitat contributes to the feeling of serenity and patient tranquillity.

Multicoloured wellbeing
Multicoloured pastel-striped wallpaper in rooms and corridors break up the monotony and continuity between spaces. This helps to create a carefree open-air atmosphere, assisting with the patients’ state of wellbeing. Simulating a seamless wooden deck, the floors together with the warm 3 000k light fixtures help to create a relaxing and cosy atmosphere. Designed to recreate homely sensations of serenity and wellbeing, these factors all contribute to the recovery of patients.

Sustainable modules
Responding to an extended sustainability principle, Emergency Hospital 19 incorporates technical, social, energetic and environmental principles with the basic module, which has been developed to be self-contained and adaptable. The building enclosure can reduce incoming thermal energy by up to 50%, while the exterior facade also acts as a climate alleviator, containing solar radiation and reducing the energy required for the operation of air-conditioning systems.

Adaptable facade
The exterior of the modules features a second skin, which is made up of a sequence of vertical slats in coloured aluminium. It is adaptable to various requirements and depending on the changing point of view, modifies the perception of elevation, creating kinetic effects akin to artist and sculptor Rafael Soto’s dynamic installations. Slat colours can be combined in a variety of different facades, making the visual impact dynamic and changeable.

Contributing to lighten and relieve the environment of the enclosure, green areas act as essential and integral parts of the building’s flow management, where social distancing is a preventative measure and a remedial tool for both patients and healthcare workers.

A modular, autonomous, flexible and sustainable hospital, born out of the collaboration between Humanitas and Techint under the guidance of Architect Filippo Taidelli. Designed around the patient to support the work of hospitals in the temporary or permanent management of infectious disease emergencies.

Key facts
Practice: Techint Architect Filippo Taidelli
Project category: Future Projects Healthcare Hospitals
Location: Italy

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